SocioEconomic Indicators (including Teen Pregnancy and Overdose ER Admissions)

Disclosure

Please read footnotes, titles and explanations with each chart for source(s) and explanation of data.  It is important to note that some of the data presented below can not be taken as absolutely definitive since a minimum of 15 cases are required to calculate a stable age-adjusted rate. Considering the small populations in our rural counties, in several instances, the age-adjusted rates displayed below were calculated with fewer than 15 cases.  Also, where the information is left blank, counts/rates were suppressed, likely due to having fewer than 5 reported cases within the specified category.

Instructions

Some of the tables below have filters.  In such, use these filters to select the “category” for which you are interested.  Then, click the county/counties within the legend of the associated chart (just below the appropriate tables) to view the county/counties for which you are interested.  The charts are defaulted to display “District”, “Kentucky” and “United States” trends.


Socioeconomic Indicators

LCDHD has higher poverty rates than the state and nation resulting in poorer health.  Poverty is a high predictor of poor health.  Chronic diseases such as diabetes, heart and lung diseases are more prevalent and mirror smoking and obesity rates.  In recent years, smoking rates have declined (KY health ranking data 2016 see CHA), as such, the statistics should improve over time.

 

 

 


Median Income

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Source: Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates


Other SocioEconomic Factors (including Teen Pregnancy)

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Sources:


Hospitalizations and ER Vistis Compared to Total Population (per 1,000) for Overdoes – Any Substance

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Sources:

Note:

  • To make the data comparable, Hospital Admissions and ER Visits have been presented as a ratio of total population.

Introduction

Healthy outcomes are closely linked to social indicators such as income, education and having health insurance.

Analysis (February 2018)

All counties in our district have lower median incomes than Kentucky and the Nation. However, McCreary County has the lowest. The median income has increased in most counties between 2010 and 2015; but, McCreary’s has not and, consequently, it has the highest percent of citizens in poverty, lowest high school graduation percentages and highest teen pregnancy rates. As far as insurance for all counties, 20-25% of those under 65 years were uninsured in 2010 but only 10% in 2015.

Discussion

The LCDHD provides Family Planning services and education. All 13 school districts across Lake Cumberland are offered an evidence-based, abstinence program focusing on teen pregnancy, HIV/STD prevention for 7th, 8th and 9th grade. A special project is being considered to support and mentor adolescents in McCreary County. The goal of the project would be to provide holistic adolescent health services in order to improve well-being and decrease mental health issues, teen pregnancy and suicide.