Diabetes

Disclosure

Please read footnotes, titles and explanations with each chart for source(s) and explanation of data.  It is important to note that some of the data presented below can not be taken as absolutely definitive since a minimum of 15 cases are required to calculate a stable age-adjusted rate. Considering the small populations in our rural counties, in several instances, the age-adjusted rates displayed below were calculated with fewer than 15 cases.  Also, where the information is left blank, counts/rates were suppressed, likely due to having fewer than 5 reported cases within the specified category.

Instructions

Some of the tables below have filters.  In such, use these filters to select the “category” for which you are interested, this will also change the trend chart.  Then, click the county/counties within the legend of the associated trend chart to view the county/counties for which you are interested.


Diabetes Rates per 100,000

Select the category by using the filter below. Select and De-select counties by clicking the legend options.

Note: Prevalence indicates the total number of people in a population with a certain disease or condition. Instances, in comparison, is the amount of new diagnoses of a disease or condition.

Sources:


Introduction

Kentucky ranks 4th in the nation for rates of diabetes, because of the high rates of obesity and physical inactivity, both of which predispose to Type 2 Diabetes.  Type 2 Diabetes is responsible for 90% to 95% of diabetes cases; the rest being Type 1 Diabetes, an autoimmune disease.

Analysis (February 2018)

Using the data from the table above, a four year average case rate per 1,000 was calculated for each county, the district and Kentucky (2010-2014).  The findings were as follows: Adair – 11;   Casey – 10; Clinton – 9;  Cumberland – 10;  Green – 10;  McCreary – 14;  Pulaski – 11;  Russell – 9;  Taylor – 11; and, Wayne – 11.  For the District – 11; and, for Kentucky – 10. All were higher than the national rate of 8, and McCreary County had the highest at 14.

Discussion 

Our region has some of the highest obesity rates in the nation and together with lack of exercise, increases the risk of developing Type 2 Diabetes in both children and adults. Diabetes increases the risk of heart disease, cancer, and infections often shortening lifespans. Prevention strategies could include more physical education/activity within the public schools, built environments that encourage walking and other outdoor activities, and healthy nutrition. The LCDHD provides Diabetes classes to help individuals learn ways to better control their diabetes, and  Worksite Wellness programs which include weight loss programs, physical activity programs, and other education/activities to live healthier and feel better.