Chronic Illness

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Please read footnotes, titles and explanations with each chart for source(s) and explanation of data.  It is important to note that some of the data presented below can not be taken as absolutely definitive since a minimum of 15 cases are required to calculate a stable age-adjusted rate. Considering the small populations in our rural counties, in several instances, the age-adjusted rates displayed below were calculated with fewer than 15 cases.  Also, where the information is left blank, counts/rates were suppressed, likely due to having fewer than 5 reported cases within the specified category.


Some of the tables below have filters.  In such, use these filters to select the “category” for which you are interested, this will also change the trend chart.  Then, click the county/counties within the legend of the associated trend chart to view the county/counties for which you are interested.

Chronic Illness per 100,000

Select the category by using the filter below. Select and De-select counties by clicking the legend options.



Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) is the leading cause of death in the United States, with Kentucky ranking 10th in the nation. Common causes for CHD are mostly lifestyle choices such as tobacco use, lack of fruits and vegetables and excessive red meat intake, and lack of physical activity, with consequences such as obesity, diabetes and hypertension adding to the problem.

Analysis (February 2018)

The Lake Cumberland District has much higher rates of CHD deaths than Kentucky and United States, with Cumberland County leading the way with rates twice the national average. Russell and Adair County rates have decreased over 4 to 6 years respectively, Clinton County’s rates have steadily increased and the rest of the counties have not changed.


Death rates are a function of reporting the disease on death certificates and the degree of successful management of the disease to prevent death. It would be interesting to ascertain if the drop in CHDs in Adair and Russell is due to lower incidence rates or improved management of CHD.

Kentucky leads the nation in smoking rates, and McCreary County has the highest rates in our district; so, public health interventions to lower smoking rates would have a great impact on preventing cardiovascular disease. Appropriate management of diabetes and hypertension would also be beneficial. The LCDHD provides smoking cessation services and diabetes management classes.

Finally, heart disease, stroke and diabetes are all illnesses that can be largely prevented by eating healthy, exercising regularly, and avoiding tobacco products.